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Carr (+MP3)




Rameau Four


Dale C. Carr

[MP3 Audio Tracks]

My harpsichord was made in 1975 by Hendrik Broekman, then of Lebanon, NH. It is a "copy" of the 1688 Richard in the Yale Collection, which was long thought to be a Hans Ruckers from 1613. Details of the original can be found in Boalch III, p.539-40; illustrations are in The Modern Harpsichord / Zuckermann, p.31.

Contact Dale by the following Email link:

After 1688 Richard

The instrument is disposed with an 8' register on the lower manual, an 8' dogleg, and a 4' register on the upper manual. A later alteration, carried out in consultation with Hendrik Broekman, was the addition by Frans Driesens of Groningen of a "shove-uncoupler", by means of which the dogleg can be disengaged from the upper manual while still sounding on the lower. The compass is GG/BB-d", with the lowest D# key split. (The 1688 instrument lacks the top two keys; its original disposition is uncertain.) There is no transposing device.

It was originally strung with Hubbard soft iron wire to a pitch of A=415Hz, and quilled with crow quills provided by Walter Burr of Hoosick, NY. When these ceased to be available, the instrument was requilled in Delrin. It was also restrung at that time (1987) using Rose wire at A=392Hz. In 2003 the two 8' registers were requilled in Delrin and voiced by Tilman Skowroneck, to the considerable satisfaction of all who have heard and played it since.


The chinoiserie and the soundboard painting were executed by Sheridan Germann of Boston.

Detail of spine

The chinoiserie is copied from the Richard, of which also the keywell, the outside of the lid, and even the spine are decorated.

Soundboard painting after 1681 Vaudry at the Victoria & Albert Museum

The soundboard painting of the 1688 Richard is in the style of a Ruckers soundboard; in the copy however the soundboard painting has been based on that of the 1681 Vaudry at the Victoria & Albert Museum in London. (Details of this instrument can be found in Boalch III, p.671.)

Stand after Richard spinet of 1690

The stand was made in 1987 by Derk Meijer of Tinallinge, near Groningen, using measurements from the stand under the Richard spinet of 1690 at the Musée Instrumental in Paris. (The present stand under Richard's harpsichord at Yale is of a later date than the instrument itself.) The stand was painted using old techniques and materials by Lammert Muller of Zuidhorn.

MP3 Audio Tracks

This recording is from a Saturday noontime concert in the choir of the Der Aa-Kerk in Groningen (NL) on the 19th of July, 2003. (This was before the most recent revoicing by Tilman Skowroneck.) The rest of the concert included Louis Couperin's suite in d minor and Tomkins's Sad pavan for these distracted times.

The suite by Henry Purcell presented here was cobbled together by me. I decided, because of the relative informality of the venue, to be rather less strict than otherwise about authentic texts and contexts, and rather more creative in the composition of the suite. This resulted in a suite with more than one mode and even more than one key.

Due to circumstances, the recording is rather soft.

These are the tracks:

  1. Prelude in D from suite #6, Z.667 [1,588KB MP3 File]
  2. Allemande from the same [4,556 KB MP3 File]
  3. Courante in d from suite #7, Z.668 [2,446 KB MP3 File]
  4. Sefauchi's Farwell, Z.656 [2,819 KB MP3 File]
  5. Minuet Z.T688 & Song tune Z.T695 [1,948 KB MP3 File]
  6. New Irish Tune[Liliburlero] Z.646 [1,907 KB MP3 File]
  7. New Scotch Tune Z.T689 [2,189 KB MP3 File]
  8. Air Z.T676 [1,577 KB MP3 File]
  9. Ground Z.D222 [3,074 KB MP3 File]
  10. Jigg from suite in C, Z.665 (transposed to D) [1,651 KB MP3 File]

Performance © 2003 by Dale C. Carr.