Annotated List of Instruments

by Dr. R. Dean Anderson

The following list documents all extant harpsichords presently known to have been built or rebuilt in France during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Also included are a few instruments that survived into the twentieth century but have since been lost or destroyed.

The instruments in the annotated list are divided into three periods that coincide with the reigns of Louis XIV (1643-1715), Louis XV (1715-1774) and Louis XVI (1774-1793). Each period subdivides into three groups. The first includes instruments emanating from Paris, the hub of French musical activity during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; the second, instruments from Lyon and the Rhône Valley, which exhibit many similarities; and the third, instruments from other French provinces.

The instrument entries are arranged chronologically according to the first known (or supposed) date of work done on the instrument in a French workshop. Most undated instruments for which little information is available are grouped together at the end of each period division. Ascription to a particular time period (e.g., the seventeenth century) is based on an instrument's design, style of decoration, and/or relationship to other instruments.

This list is a very much abbreviated version of an annotated list and essay on French harpsichords published in Early Keyboard Journal 19 (2001) 69-171 and 20 (2002) 107-195. For copyright reasons I am restricted in the information that can be supplied on the web. It is, however, hoped that most instruments will eventually be supplied with an accompanying photograph.

Information in the instrument entries is organized according to the categories below.

MAKER: The name of the maker, working in France, responsible either for building the original instrument or, in the case of a non-French harpsichord, for its initial rebuilding in a French workshop. The designation "ANON." is employed when no maker is identified on the instrument's name batten or soundboard and insufficient information is available to associate an instrument with a particular builder. When an anonymous instrument can be attributed, the maker's name is enclosed in square brackets. A question mark after a name within brackets distinguishes an ascription considered dubious. The designation "UNKNOWN" indicates that no information is available regarding the maker's identity.

DATE: For a French instrument the date indicates the year of manufacture; for a non-French harpsichord, the year the instrument was initially rebuilt in a French workshop. Reconstructions of non-French instruments are indicated by the word "ravalement." A bracketed date indicates that the year of manufacture or rebuilding is known but does not appear on an instrument's name batten or soundboard. A question mark after a bracketed date denotes uncertainty about the dating.

FLEMISH ORIGIN: The original maker and date of a Flemish instrument extended in compass and/or registers in a French workshop. The maker is identified by the initials carved into the rose. Square brackets are placed around the builder's name if no rose survives but the original Flemish maker has been determined. The word "fake" identifies a deliberately false ascription to a Flemish maker.

OWNERSHIP: Present ownership and location of the instrument as well as information about its previous history, if known.

NOTE
Some of the instrument listings include the note "Click for Photo". To properly view these photos, "JavaScrip" should be enabled. This means "medium" security in Microsoft Internet Explorer (Menu Bar: Tools>Internet Options>Security). For best results, close any photo window before attempting to view another.
.


LOUIS XIV (1643-1715)
Instruments from Paris

A1	MAKER: [JEAN DENIS II]
	DATE: 1648
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de l'Hospice St. Roch, Issoudun, France. 
	
A2	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Pre-1650
	OWNERSHIP: Dr. Andreas Beurmann, Hamburg, Germany. 
	Click for Photo

A3	MAKER: [CLAUDE] JACQUET
	DATE: 1652
	OWNERSHIP: John and Mable Ringling Museum, Sarasota, Florida. 	

A4	MAKER: LOUIS DENIS. This instrument is listed twice in Boalch, 
	once correctly and once as an instrument of Pierre Denis II 
	from 1674 (see Koster).
	DATE: 1658
	OWNERSHIP: St. Germain-en-Laye, France. Collection Ambrogi. 
	
A169    MAKER: Girolamo Zenti
        DATE: ca. 1661-66
        OWNERSHIP: Unknown. Offered for auction in December 2007.
        NOTE: This is a French single manual harpsichord constructed in the 
              last period of Zenti's life when he resided in Paris.

A5	MAKER: UNKNOWN
	DATE: Ca. 1665 (only the canvas of a lid painting remains)
	OWNERSHIP: The Louvre, Paris; on loan to Musée municipal, 
	Vire (Calvados), France. 
	Click for Photo

A6	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: 1667
	OWNERSHIP: Edwin M. Ripin Collection held by the Museum of 
	Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts. 
	Photo Link
	
A7	MAKER: GIROLAMO ZENTI
	DATE: 1668
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France (accession 
	number E.986.15.1).
	Information Link

A8	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Ca. 1670
	OWNERSHIP: Bate Collection, Oxford, England. 
	Click for Photo
	Click for Photo

A24	MAKER: [DUMONT?]
	DATE: 1673 (a lid painting by Pierre Patel)
	OWNERSHIP: Amanda Creamer (née Lennox), formerly of Downton Castle, Shropshire, England. 
	On loan to the National Museum and Gallery, Cardiff.

A9	MAKER: PHILIPPE DENIS
	DATE: 1674
	OWNERSHIP: Musée Lorraine, Nancy, France. 
	Information & Photo Link

A10	MAKER: LOUIS DENIS
	DATE: 1677
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France (accession 
	number E.994.1.1). 
	Photo Link

A168    MAKER: Anonymous
        DATE: 1679
        OWNERSHIP: Private, France.

A11	MAKER: VAUDRY
	DATE: 1681
	OWNERSHIP: Victoria and Albert Museum, London, England
	Photo Link
	Type 'Vaudry' in the search box and then click on the picture of the harpsichord which appears.

A12	MAKER: UNKNOWN
	DATE: Post-1681
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake H.R. 1612
	OWNERSHIP: Musée Instrumental, Brussels, Belgium. 
	
A13	MAKER: NICOLAS DU FOUR
	DATE: 1683
	OWNERSHIP: Marjorie T. Rawlins Collection located in the 
	Shrine to Music Museum, University of South Dakota, 
	Vermillion, South Dakota. 
	Information Link

A14	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Ca. 1685
	OWNERSHIP: This instrument was destroyed in 1940 during the 
	bombing of Rotterdam. 
	
A15	MAKER: [MICHEL RICHARD]
	DATE: 1688
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake H.R. 1613
	OWNERSHIP: Rhode Island School of Design; presently on loan to 
	the Yale University Collection of Musical Instruments, New Haven, 
	Connecticut. 
	
A16	MAKER: PHILIPPE DENIS
	DATE: 1691
	OWNERSHIP: Acquired by Eugène de Bricqueville around 1895. The 
	last known reference to the instrument appears in a 1904 article 
	by de Bricqueville (Gétreau). 
		
A17	MAKER: NICOLAS BLANCHET
	DATE: 1693
	OWNERSHIP: Private, Paris, France. 
	
A18	MAKER: NICOLAS DUMONT
	DATE: 1697
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France (accession number 
	E.774). 
	Information & Photo Link

A19	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: 1701 alignment
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: I.R. 1627 (double)
	OWNERSHIP: P. de la Raudière, Château de Villebon, Eure-et-Loir, 
	France. 
	
A20	MAKER: [NICOLAS BLANCHET]
	DATE: 1701 ravalement
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Johannes Couchet 1652 (originally, single manual 
	2x8' with three rows of jacks).
	OWNERSHIP: Private, Château du Touvet, France.
	
A21	MAKER: NICOLAS DUMONT
	DATE: 1704
	OWNERSHIP: Claude Mercier-Ythier, Paris, France. 
	
A22	MAKER: [NICOLAS BLANCHET?]
	DATE: 1706 ravalement
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: I.R. 1628 (double manual with extended chromatic bass).
	OWNERSHIP: Château, Versailles, France. 
	Click for Photo

A23	MAKER: NICOLAS DUMONT
	DATE: 1707
	OWNERSHIP: Private, U. S. A. 
	Photo Link

A24	MAKER: [DUMONT?]
	See the entry after A8

A25	MAKER: [NICOLAS BLANCHET?]
	DATE: 1710 ravalement
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: A.R. II 1646 (double manual with extended chromatic bass).
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France (accession number E.979.2.1). 
	Information & Photo Link

A26	MAKER: NICOLAS BLANCHET
	DATE: Ca. 1715
	OWNERSHIP: Huguette Dreyfus, Paris, France. 
	
A27	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Unknown for first ravalement
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Undated J. J. Couchet (ca. 1680, single 1x8', 1x4', 
	with extended bass).
	OWNERSHIP: Stiftelsen Musikkulturens främjande, Stockholm, Sweden. 
	
A28	MAKER: R[ICHARD?]
	DATE: Unknown
	OWNERSHIP: Owner and location unknown since 1954. 
	
A29	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Seventeenth century
	OWNERSHIP: Musée Instrumental, Brussels, Belgium. 
	
A30	MAKER: UNKNOWN
	DATE: Seventeenth century
	OWNERSHIP: Present owner and location unknown. Formerly in the Planchat 
	Collection.
	
A31	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Seventeenth century
	OWNERSHIP: Musikinstrumenten-Museum, Berlin, Germany. 
	
A32	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Undated ravalement, probably seventeenth century.
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: H.R. 1616 (double manual). The compass of the upper manual 
	was F-f3 (at a pitch of R-4), and that of the lower manual GG-c3.
	OWNERSHIP: M. Nirouet, Paris, France. 
	
A33	MAKER: UNKNOWN
        DATE: Ca. 1700-1710
    	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake I.R. 1620; built around a virginal soundboard.
        OWNERSHIP: Private, USA.
	Photo Link
	Photo Link

A34	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Seventeenth-century ravalement
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: [I.R.] 1624 (double manual). The compass of the upper 
	keyboard was C/E-c3 and that of the lower manual C/E-f3.
	OWNERSHIP: Musée Unterlinden, Colmar, France. 
	Photo Link
	
A35	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Seventeenth century
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Almost certainly a seventeenth-century French harpsichord 
	later faked to be a ravalement of I.R. 162[7].
	Click for Photo
	OWNERSHIP: Yale University Collection of Musical Instruments, New Haven, 
	Connecticut. 
	Photo Link
	The link is correct despite the misleading information on the website.

A36	MAKER: [DENIS?]
	DATE: Seventeenth century
	OWNERSHIP: Private, France
	
A37	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Seventeenth century
	OWNERSHIP: Private, U. S. A.
	

A38	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Seventeenth century
	OWNERSHIP: Private, France
	
A39	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Seventeenth century
	OWNERSHIP: Unknown 
	
A40	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Seventeenth century
	OWNERSHIP: Dr. Andreas Beurmann, Hamburg, Germany. 
	Click for Photo

LOUIS XIV (1643-1715)
Instruments from Lyon and the Rhône Valley

A41	MAKER: CLAUDE DU FOUR
	DATE: 1674
	OWNERSHIP: Present owner and location unknown. Formerly owned by Samy Chalom 
	of Paris, France. The instrument has not been seen since 1954.
	
A42	MAKER: GILBERT DES RUISSEAUX
	DATE: [1678/79]
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France (accession number E.979.2.3). 
	Photo Link

A43	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: 1679
	OWNERSHIP: Private, France.
	
A44	MAKER: [CLAUDE LABRÈCHE]
	DATE: Post-1685
	OWNERSHIP: Würtembergisches Landesmuseum, Stuttgart, Germany. 
	
A45	MAKER: CLAUDE LABRÈCHE
	DATE: 1699
	OWNERSHIP: Private, Beaulieu, Nice, France.
	
A46	MAKER: D.F. [FRANÇOIS DONZELAGUE?] 
	DATE: Ca. 1700
	OWNERSHIP: Private, France
	Click for Photo
	Click for Photo

A47	MAKER: [DONZELAGUE]
	DATE: Ca. 1700
	OWNERSHIP: Private, Grenoble, France. 
	
A48	MAKER: [DONZELAGUE]
	DATE: Ca. 1700
	OWNERSHIP: Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Neuchâtel, Switzerland.
	
A49	MAKER: [DONZELAGUE]
	DATE: Ca. 1700
	OWNERSHIP: Château de la Baume, Prinsuejols, France.
	
A50	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Ca. 1700
	OWNERSHIP: Private, France.
	
A51	MAKER: DONZELAGUE
	DATE: 1711
	OWNERSHIP: Private, England. 
	
A52	MAKER: [DONZELAGUE]
	DATE: Ca. 1711
	OWNERSHIP: Mrs. Thomas, Ireland. 
	
A53	MAKER: [GILBERT DES RUISSEAUX]
	DATE: Seventeenth century
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France (accession number E.996.33.1). 
	Photo Link
	Type '996.33.1' in the box 'Par numéro d'inventaire' and press enter

A54	MAKER: UNKNOWN
	DATE: Seventeenth century
	OWNERSHIP: Lost
	
A55	MAKER: [DONZELAGUE]
	DATE: Seventeenth century
	OWNERSHIP: Villa Medici, Rome, Italy. 
	
A56	MAKER: [DONZELAGUE]
	DATE: Unknown
	OWNERSHIP: Mr. A. Extermann, Geneva, Switzerland. 
		 
A57	MAKER: "PUMMEL"
	DATE: Seventeenth century
	OWNERSHIP: Private, France.
	
A58	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Seventeenth century
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France (accession number E.980.2.642). 
	 

LOUIS XIV (1643-1715)
Instruments from Other Provinces

A59	MAKER: VINCENT TIBAUT
	DATE: 1679
	OWNERSHIP: Musée Instrumental, Brussels, Belgium. 
	
A60	MAKER: [ANTOINE LE FEBVRE]
	DATE: Ca. 1680
	OWNERSHIP: Tony Bingham, London, England.
	Click for Photo
	Click for Photo

A61	MAKER: VINCENT TIBAUT
	DATE: 1681
	OWNERSHIP: Private, France.
	Click for Photo
	Click for Photo

A62	MAKER: VINCENT TIBAUT
	DATE: 1691
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France (accession number E.977.11.1). 
	Information & Photo Link
	Type '977.11.1' in the box 'Par numéro d'inventaire' and press enter. 
	Then click on "Tibaut

LOUIS XV (1715-74)

A63	MAKER: UNKNOWN
	DATE: Ca. 1717
	OWNERSHIP: Private, unknown provenance.
	 
A64	MAKER: [BLANCHET]
	DATE: 1725
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake A.R. 1629 (à la Dowd, O'Brien = 1622)
	OWNERSHIP: GERMANY: Hochschule für Musik, Frankfurt am Main.

A65	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Ca.1725-50
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: J.J. Couchet 1680 (single, 1x8', 1x4' with extended bass and 
	3 registers, GG/BB-f3, g3).
	OWNERSHIP: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 
	Information & Photo Link
	Click on the tab 'Collections' and then type 'harpsichord' in the search box. 
	Next, click on the picture of the harpsichord from 1680.

A66	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: 1728
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: A.R. 1628
	OWNERSHIP: Dr. A. Beurmann, Hasselburg, Germany.
	Click for Photo
	
A67	MAKER: PIERRE BELLOT
	DATE: 1729
	OWNERSHIP: Musée des Beaux-Arts, Chatres, France.
	Click for Photo
	
A68	MAKER: [BLANCHET]
	DATE: 1730s
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: single manual attributed to J. Couchet ca.1645.
	OWNERSHIP: Alan Rubin, London, England.
	
A69	MAKER: N. & F. BLANCHET
	DATE: 1730
	OWNERSHIP: Was owned by Charles Fisher, Framingham, Massachusetts, 
                   who passed away in October 2013.  Thomas and Barbara Wolf are the 
                   agents responsible for selling the instrument now on behalf of the family.
	Click for Photo
	
A70	MAKER: ANTOINE VATER
	DATE: 1732
	OWNERSHIP: Private, South of France.
	
A71	MAKER: [JEAN GOUJON]
	DATE: 1732
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake H.R. 1615
	OWNERSHIP: Private, Marseille, France.
	
A72	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: 1733
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: H.R. 1612 (actually built by I.R.)
	OWNERSHIP: Musée d'Histoire Locale, Amiens, France. 
	
A73	MAKER: FRANÇOIS BLANCHET
	DATE: 1733
	OWNERSHIP: Comte de la Panouse, Château de Thoiry, France.
	
A74	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: 1734
	OWNERSHIP: Private, USA.
	Photo Link
	 
A75	MAKER: FRANÇOIS BLANCHET
	DATE: 1736
	OWNERSHIP: Claude Mercier-Ythier, Paris, France.
	 
A76	MAKER: HENRI HEMSCH
	DATE: 1736 (46?)
	OWNERSHIP: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 
	Information & Photo Link
	Click on the tab 'Collections' and then type 'harpsichord' in the search box. 
	Next, click on the picture of the harpsichord from 'probably 1736'.

A77	MAKER: ANTOINE VATER
	DATE: 1737
	OWNERSHIP: Private, England. 
	
A78	MAKER: [VATER?]
	DATE: 1737?
	OWNERSHIP: Ringve Museum, Trondheim, Norway. 
	
A79	MAKER: ANTOINE VATER
	DATE: 1738
	OWNERSHIP: Mrs. Thomas, Ireland.
	 
A80	MAKER: JEAN GOERMANS I
	DATE: 1738
	OWNERSHIP: Musikmuseet, Stockholm, Sweden.
	Photo Link

A81	MAKER: LOUIS CHARLES BELLOT
	DATE: 1742
	OWNERSHIP: Metropolitan Museum, New York.
	
A82	MAKER: [JEAN GOUJON]
	DATE: pre-1745
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake H.R. I, 1590
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France (accession number E.233). 
	Information & Photo Link
	Type '233' in the box 'Par numéro d'inventaire' and press enter. 
	Then click on "Clavecin / Goujon

A83	MAKER: [JEAN GOUJON]
	DATE: 1745
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: single I.R. 1632 into double
	OWNERSHIP: Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Neuchâtel, Switzerland. 
	Photo Link

A84	MAKER: FRANÇOIS BLANCHET
	DATE: 1746
	OWNERSHIP: Château, Versailles, France.
	Click for Photo
	Click for Photo
	
A85	MAKER: SEBASTIEN GARNIER
	DATE: 1747
	OWNERSHIP: Dr. Gerber, Hols, Belgium.
	
A86	MAKER: JEAN GOERMANS I
	DATE: 1748
	OWNERSHIP: Frederic Cunningham, Haverford, Pennsylvannia.
	
A87	MAKER: JEAN GOERMANS I
	DATE: 1750
	OWNERSHIP: Bate collection, Oxford, England. 
	Click for Photo
	 
A88	MAKER: B[ENOIST] S[TEHLIN]
	DATE: 1750
	OWNERSHIP: Musée Antoine Lécuyer, St. Quentin, France.
	
A97	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: 1750
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Non-Ruckers transposing double with HR rose inserted
	OWNERSHIP: Private, Brazil.
	Information & Photo Link
	Please follow the link to two antique harpsichords for sale and click 
	on the Franco-Flemish double manual harpsichord.

A89	MAKER: HENRI HEMSCH
	DATE: 1751
	OWNERSHIP: Frederick Hass, Château de la Boulmié, Burlats, France.
	
A90	MAKER: M[ICHEL] R[ICHARD]
	DATE: 1752
	OWNERSHIP: Musée des Arts et Métiers, Paris, France.
	 
A91	MAKER: [JEAN GOUJON]
	DATE: 1753
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: I.R. 1627 (double with original extended bass compass, GG-c3 
	on the lower manual).
	OWNERSHIP: Private, England. 
	
A92	MAKER: JEAN GOERMANS I
	DATE: 1754
	OWNERSHIP: Metropolitan Museum, New York.
	
A93	MAKER: HENRI HEMSCH
	DATE: 1754
	OWNERSHIP: Wolfgang Ruf, Rastatt, Germany. 
	
A94	MAKER: HENRI HEMSCH
	DATE: 1755/56
	OWNERSHIP: Claude Noisette de Crauzat, Caen, France. 
	
A95	MAKER: [BLANCHET]
	DATE: 1757
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake Couchet 1671 and 1673.
	OWNERSHIP: Kenneth Gilbert, Maintenon, France. 
	 
A96	MAKER: [GOUJON]
	DATE: 1757
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake I.R. 1632
	OWNERSHIP: Private, Paris, France. 
	
A97	See the entry directly after A88
	
A98	MAKER: BENOIST STEHLIN
	DATE: 1760
	OWNERSHIP: The Smithsonian, Washington DC.
	Photo Link
	Photo Link

A99	MAKER: HENRI HEMSCH
	DATE: 1761-62
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France (accession number E.974.3.1). 
	Photo Link
	Type '974.3.1' in the box 'Par numéro d'inventaire' and press enter. 
	Then click on "Clavecin / Hemsch".

A100	MAKER: GUILLAUME HEMSCH
	DATE: 1763
	OWNERSHIP: Fondation Grüner-Schlumberger, Villecroze, France. 
	
A101	MAKER: [GUILLAUME HEMSCH]
	DATE: 1763
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Rav. of single A.R. 1636 (chromatic bass, C-c3) into double.
	OWNERSHIP: Cobbe Collection Trust, Hatchlands Park, East Clandon, Surrey, 
	England. 
	Click for Photo
	Photo Link

A102	MAKER: JEAN GOERMANS I
	DATE: 1764
	OWNERSHIP: Russell Collection, Edinburgh, Scotland.
	Click for Photo
	Information & Photo Link

A103	MAKER: JACQUES GOERMANS II
	DATE: 1765
	OWNERSHIP: Kenneth Gilbert, Maintenon, France. 
	
A104	MAKER: FRANÇOIS BLANCHET II
	DATE: 1765
	OWNERSHIP: city of Hamamatsu, Japan.
	 
A105	MAKER: [BLANCHET]
	DATE: 1766
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake I.R. 1644 (despite the fact that he died in 1642!)
	OWNERSHIP: Private, Southwest France.
	
A106	MAKER: [GUILLAUME HEMSCH]
	DATE: 1766
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake I.R. 1636
	OWNERSHIP: Mrs. Touyère, Geneva, Switzerland.
	
A107	MAKER: JACQUES GOERMANS I
	DATE: 1767
	OWNERSHIP: Alan Rubin, London, England.
	
A108	MAKER: "PASCAL TASKIN?"
	DATE: 1767
	OWNERSHIP: National Museum of Art, Bucharest, Romania. 
	
A162    MAKER: BENOIST STEHLIN
        DATE: 1767
        OWNERSHIP: Musikinstrumenten-Museum des Staatlichen Instituts für
        Musikforschung Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin, Germany. 

A109	MAKER: JACQUES GOERMANS II
	DATE: 1768
	OWNERSHIP: Wolfgang Ruf, Rastatt, Germany.
	
A110	MAKER: PASCAL TASKIN
	DATE: 1769
	OWNERSHIP: Russell Collection, Edinburgh, Scotland. 
	Click for Photo
	Information & Photo Link

A111	MAKER: PASCAL TASKIN
	DATE: 1769
	OWNERSHIP: Private, U.S.A. 	 
	Click for Photo	 
	Click for Photo

A112	MAKER: PASCAL TASKIN?
	DATE: ca.1770
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Rav. Ruckers.
	OWNERSHIP: J. S. Johnson, New Jersey.
	
A113	MAKER: PASCAL TASKIN
	DATE: 1770
	OWNERSHIP: Yale University Collection of Musical Instruments, New Haven, 
	Connecticut. 
	Click for Photo
	Information & Photo Link

A114	MAKER: J. M. DE DE BAN
	DATE: 1770
	OWNERSHIP: Smithsonian, Washington DC, on loan from the Corcoran Gallery of Art.

A115	MAKER: JACQUES GOERMANS II
	DATE: 1770 (77?)
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Rav. I.R. 1618
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France. 
	
A136 	MAKER: [PASCAL TASKIN]
	DATE: 1771
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake A.R. 1621
	OWNERSHIP: Palace Museum, Sinaia, Romania.
	
A116	MAKER: JACQUES GOERMANS II
	DATE: 1771
	OWNERSHIP: Kenneth Gilbert, Maintenon, France.
	 
A117	MAKER: JEAN RICHARD
	DATE: Unknown
	OWNERSHIP: Musée Grevin, Paris, France.
	
A118	MAKER: FRANÇOIS BLANCHET
	DATE: unknown
	OWNERSHIP: Madame Oury, Paris, France.
	
A119	MAKER: [GUILLAUME HEMSCH?]
	DATE: n.d.
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake A.R. I 1628.
	OWNERSHIP: Formally Dr. R. Mirrey, Redhill, Surrey, England.
	Current ownership unknown

A120	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Eighteenth century
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake I.R. 1632. The instrument is actually a ravalement of a 
	single manual harpsichord by Simon Hagaerts who entered the guild in 
	1641/2.
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France.
	Information Link

A121	MAKER: UNKNOWN
	DATE: Eighteenth century
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Maybe
	OWNERSHIP: Claude Mercier-Ythier, Paris, France.
	
A122	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Eighteenth century
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: I.R. 1612 (double).
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France (accession number E.1).
	Information & Photo Link

A123	MAKER: [VATER?]
	DATE: Eighteenth century
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: A.R. 1643 (double).
	OWNERSHIP: Shrine to Music Museum, university of South Dakota, Vermillion, 
	South Dakota.
	
A124	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: n.d.
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France.
	Information Link
	Type '980.2.648' in the box 'Par numéro d'inventaire' and press enter. 
	Then click on "Clavecin / Anonyme

A125	MAKER: UNKNOWN
	DATE: Unknown
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: I.R. 1615
	OWNERSHIP: Formerly Maurice Le Roux (deceased), Paris, France.
	
A126	MAKER: P. W.
	DATE: unknown
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: 
	OWNERSHIP: R. Bibby (information from 1966)
	
LOUIS XVI (1774-1793)

A127	MAKER: JACQUES GOERMANS II
	DATE: 1774
	OWNERSHIP: Private, France.
	Click for Photo
	
A128	MAKER: SÉBASTIEN ÉRARD
	DATE: 1779
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France (accession number E.979.2.5)
	Information & Photo Link
	Type '979.2.5' in the box 'Par numéro d'inventaire' and press enter. 
	Then click on "Clavecin / Erard".

A129	MAKER: [PIERRE DUBOIS]
	DATE: 1780
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake I.R. n.d..
	OWNERSHIP: Yannick le Gaillard, Paris, France.
	
A130	MAKER: [PASCAL TASKIN]
	DATE: 1782
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake A.R. 1636 (built around a virginal soundboard).
	OWNERSHIP: Alan Rubin, London, England.
	
A131	MAKER: JACQUES GOERMANS II
	DATE: 1785
	OWNERSHIP: Shrine to Music Museum, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, 
	South Dakota.
	Information Link

A132	MAKER: PASCAL TASKIN
	DATE: 1786
	OWNERSHIP: Victoria and Albert Museum, London, England.
	Information & Photo Link
	Type 'Pascal Taskin' in the search box and press enter. 
	Then click on the harpsichord photo.

A133	MAKER: JOACHIM SWANEN
	DATE: 1786
	OWNERSHIP: Musée des Arts et Métiers, Paris, France.
	
A134	MAKER: [PASCAL TASKIN]
	DATE: 1787
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake A.R. 1636
	OWNERSHIP: Dr. A. Beurmann, Hamburg, Germany. 
	Click for Photo
	
A135	MAKER: [PASCAL TASKIN]
	DATE: 1788
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake A.R.
	OWNERSHIP: Castel Sforzesco, Milan, Italy.
	Click for Photo
	
*	For A136 see the entry after A115.

A137	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: post ca.1770
	OWNERSHIP: Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nice, France.
	
A138	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: post ca.1770
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake A.R. n.d.
	OWNERSHIP: School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island
	
A139	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: post ca.1770
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: The fake I.R. rose and inscription dating the instrument to 
	1636 are probably relatively modern.
	OWNERSHIP: Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland.
	
A140	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Eighteenth century
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: A.R. 1621 (single converted to double).
	OWNERSHIP: Musée St.Etienne, France.
	 
A141	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Eighteenth century
	FLEMISH ORIGIN: Fake H.R. 1644 (1642 on name batten, 1644 on soundboard).
	OWNERSHIP: M. & Mme Jacottet, Rivaz, Switzerland.

FRENCH HARPSICHORDS FROM LYON AND THE RHÔNE VALLEY
LOUIS XIV (1643-1715)

A167    MAKER: ANON (P. Baillon according to Alain Anselm)
        DATE: ca. 1660
        OWNERSHIP: France

FRENCH HARPSICHORDS FROM LYON AND THE RHÔNE VALLEY
LOUIS XV (1715-74)

A142	MAKER: DONZELAGUE
	DATE: 1716
	OWNERSHIP: Musée des Artes decoratifs, Lyon, France.
	Photo Link
	Next click on the word “ici”. A new window opens. Click on “English” then 
	"collections of the decorative arts museum". Click further on the tab 
	"furniture" and then on the picture of the harpsichord.

A143	MAKER: DONZELAGUE
	DATE: 1717
	OWNERSHIP: Lost, last known 1968 in Spain.
	
A144	MAKER: JEAN BAS
	DATE: 1737
	OWNERSHIP: Marseille, France.
	
A145	MAKER: J. H. COLLESSE
	DATE: 1739
	OWNERSHIP: n/a (Only one strut is extant, reused on A6)
	
A146	MAKER: LUIGI BAILLON
	DATE: 1755
	OWNERSHIP: Edinburgh University, Rodger Mirrey Collection
	Information & Photo Link

A147	MAKER: CORDELIER
	DATE: 1768
	OWNERSHIP: Mme. Cuzin, Paris, France.
	
A148	MAKER: JOSEPH COLLESSE
	DATE: 1768
	OWNERSHIP: L. de Varax, Château de Terrebasse, Isère, France.
	
A149	MAKER: CHRISTIAN KROLL
	DATE: 1770
	OWNERSHIP: Private, France.
	
A150	MAKER: [C. KROLL]
	DATE: ca.1770
	OWNERSHIP: Mme Devie, France.
	
A165	MAKER: Christian Kroll
	DATE: 1771
	OWNERSHIP: Private collection, Switzerland 

A151	MAKER: JACOB STIRNEMANN
	DATE: 1771
	OWNERSHIP: Private, France.
	Click for Photo
	Click for Photo

A152	MAKER: CHRISTIAN KROLL
	DATE: 1774
	OWNERSHIP: P. Lacriox, Belbèze en Comminges, France.
	
A153	MAKER: [DONZELAGUE]
	DATE: n.d.
	OWNERSHIP: Mme. Demangel, Château d'Assas, France.
	
LOUIS XVI (1774-1793)

A154	MAKER: JOSEPH COLLESSE/ FRANKY
	DATE: 1775/77
	OWNERSHIP: Musée de la Musique, Paris, France (accession number E.979.2.4).
	Information & Photo Link
 	Then type '979.2.4' in the box 'Par numéro d'inventaire' and press enter. 
	Then click on "Clavecin / Collesse".

A155	MAKER: JACOB STIRNEMANN
	DATE: 1777
	OWNERSHIP: La Grande Ménestrandise, Geneva, Switzerland.
	
A156	MAKER: [C. KROLL]
	DATE: ca. 1777
	OWNERSHIP: Reinhard von Nagel, Paris, France.
	Click for Photo
	Click for Photo
	
A157	MAKER: CHRISTIAN KROLL
	DATE: 1779
	OWNERSHIP: Musée Grévin, Paris, France.
	Click for Photo
	
A158	MAKER: [JACOB STIRNEMANN]
	DATE: Ca. 1770s
	OWNERSHIP: Michael M. Koerner, Toronto, Canada. 
	Click for Photo
	
A159	MAKER: ANON.
	DATE: Eighteenth century
	OWNERSHIP: Musée des Jacobins, Auch, France.
	

FRENCH HARPSICHORDS FROM OTHER PROVINCES
LOUIS XV (1715-74)

A166    MAKER: CLF (probably Clément or Charles Lefevre in Rouen according to Alain Anselm)
        DATE: ca. 1650
        OWNERSHIP: France

A160	MAKER: DE LA LANDE OF CAEN
	DATE: 1745
	OWNERSHIP: School of Design, Providence, Rhode Island. 
	
A161	MAKER: "GOSSET"
	DATE: "1770-75"
	OWNERSHIP: Château Champ-sur-Marne, France.
	Click for Photo

A163    REMOVED. This instrument was the same as A97.

A164    MAKER: NICOLAS PIGALLE (of Dijon)
	DATE: 1771
	OWNERSHIP: Dr. Andreas Beurmann, Hasselburg, Germany.

*       For A165 see the entry after A150.
*       For A168 see the entry after A10.
*       For A162 see the entry after A108.
*       For A167 see the entry before A142.
*       For A169 see the entry directly after A4.